1.1. Cartographic Activities of the Department of Lands and Mapping, Ministry of Agriculture
The Department of Lands and Mapping of the Ministry of Agriculture continues to be the top
governmental body for civil mapping purposes in Hungary.
The Department's staff of 22 is divided into 3 sections:
During the past few years proportionally less money was available for mapping purposes. The reason
behind it is that the Department - being responsible also for national cadastre and land registration -
had to concentrate its efforts to keep pace with the recent land reform (land privatization).
- Division of Surveying and Informatics
- Division of Real Property Registration
- Division of Land Use and Land Protection
The real value of government orders has dropped by almost 25 % over the past 5 years. About two
thirds of these funds served the development of cadastral mapping and the control network, some one
quarter of them helped the production of new sheets of the 1:10.000 topographic series. Small
amounts have continued to be earmarked for geographic mapping - chiefly to the development of a
Major developments since 1991:
More on these projects are contained in the chapter on the Institute of Geodesy, Cartography and Remote Sensing (FÖMI).
- The 1:10.000 topographic series is making slow progress with 83 % of sheets printed or ready to cartographic originals.
- The 1:100.000 series, completed in the mid-'80s, is undergoing modernization. In 1994 its fair draught layers (planimetry, orography, hydrography)
and the coloured map itself were scanned to produce rastered databases. The vectorised database of the orography of this series has also been
prepared enabling DTM, DEM applications.
- A digital database of the administrative boundaries of Hungary (down to settlements, at scale 1:500.000) has also been completed within the
activities of the MEGRIN (Multipurpose Ground-Related Information Network) Group.
- The Gazetteer-Database of Hungary, with about 80,000 records is also being maintained expanded.
Department of Lands and Mapping,
Ministry of Agriculture, Budapest
1.1.1. The Institute of Geodesy, Cartography & Remote Sensing (FÖMI)
The Institute is the national body in Hungary that performs, by its staff of 175, central operational as
well as R+D duties of civil mapping. Its activities are directly supervised by the Dept. of Lands &
Mapping of the Ministry of Agriculture and are financed to some 30-40% by a budget allocated by the
Ministry. The rest of the funds come from successful R+D competition awards and special revenues
of the Institute (sale of GI products and services).
Major operative duties of the Institute include the following:
- Contracts government orders of mapping and control point development and performs official
control and acceptance of the end products of these works. Government basic data thus obtained
are collected in the central data and map archive of the Institute. Sale of data is done based on a
- Coordinates aerial photography over the country; stores as well as supplies the photographs on demand.
- Preprocesses and distributes in Hungary satellite image data received on contract from primary space image producers.
- Maintains the central land records database and develops software modules for the EU PHARE-supported programme of computerizing the Hungarian land office network; supervises the surveying activities of the land offices.
- Performs surveying and mapping works of the national boundaries.
Major R+D projects on remote sensing and GIS, primarily financed by successful competition awards
from the National Committee for Technological Development (OMFB):
FÖMI is one of the major support institutions of the Hungarian Space Office. As
such activities on this field are considered rather important. Major works in the considered period:
GIS research projects
- The development of an experimental RS based crop monitoring system at different levels: locally, at
counties or for the whole country. Crop monitoring, identification and mapping, area estimation, crop
stage and development assessment.
- Providing enhanced, geometrically corrected satellite photoproducts, using panchromatic SPOT and
Landsat TM satellite images, for the updating of 1:25,000 - 1:100,000 scale topographic map sheets.
- CORINE Land Cover Project of the European Communities aiming at the creation of an up-to-date
database of the land surface of Europe at scale 1:100,000, using satellite imagery as basic data source.
- Monitoring the major parameters of privatization in Hungary. EOSAT GRANT PROJECT 1944.
- Use of ERS-1 SAR data for agricultural, forestry and environmental applications in East Central
Europe. Assessment of the potential of optical and microwave satellite remote sensing techniques for
land surface monitoring of the impact of land reform.
GIS technology has made considerable headway in the control and
supervisory systems of the authorities of both the central government and the municipalities. The
national map series and databases produced from them provide the infrastructural basis for these
More details may be obtained by directly contacting the Institute
- Comprehensive geodetic control point database
- Digital geoid of Hungary
- Descriptive catalogue of Hungarian geodetic reference and projection systems
- Conceptual model of the digital basic survey (cadastral) map (draft standard)
- Suggestions connected with the authentication technology and the preparation of the standards of the digital basic survey map
in view of the legal measures and official regulations in force, and of the applied practical processes
- Elaborating the data quality for the standards of the digital basic survey map
- Guidelines on data quality for spatial datasets
- Technologies of digitizing and archivating for topographic maps
- Information system for the land management administration
- Database of the Hungarian administrative boundaries
- Raster and vector based databases of the 1:100.000 topographic series of Hungary
- Database of the National Digital Terrain Model
- Experiments in computerized printing plate production for topographic maps.
(address: H-1373 Budapest, Pf.546, Fax: +36 1 269 4560.)
Director of the Institute FÖMI,
Dr. Pál Divényi, Dr. Éva Csató
Senior staff, FÖMI, Budapest
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