7.3.3 Crop Monitoring by Remote Sensing Project (1993-96)
The Hungarian Agricultural Remote Sensing Programme (HARSP, 1980-) is the frame for more consecutive R+TD projects that aimed at the provision of remote sensing technologies for crop monitoring at the national level. All the research, methodology and processing infrastructure development have been done by FÖMI RSC with the contribution of cooperative partners (Dept of Geophysics, R. Eötvös Univ., e.t.c.). While the preparation phase (1980-90) yielded concise results in the methodologies of the area estimation of the major crops and also some modelling results in the entirely remote sensing based crop monitoring and yield estimation, forecast methods, this CMRSP'93-96 R+TD (Crop Monitoring by Remote Sensing Project) led to the level of experimental applications.

The objectives of the project
Based on the HARSP results from 1980, a baseline methodology and a complex satellite and ancillary data analysis system had to be developed. The technology and the system had to be in harmony to the emerging EU methods and also capable to be introduced gradually to enhance the existing dynamic crop information system of the MoA. The outputs of the system should be: crop areas estimation and mapping, development assessment, yield forecast and estimation for the major crops. The methodology had to be accurate at the county level, too.

The project resulted the definition and development of the baseline methodology and the set up of the computer system. The project demonstrated the crop area estimation and the entirely remote sensing yield assessment capability on a 11/year/county sample (1991-95). The yield model was completely tested for wheat and maize only.

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